Bundestag member: World community regards Nagorno-Karabakh as integral part of Azerbaijan

In his response to an enquiry by the Berlin office of The European Azerbaijan Society regarding the killing of Sahiba Guliyeva and her two-year-old granddaughter Zahra Guliyeva due to Armenian shelling of the civilian population of the Alkhanly village in the Fuzuli district, Bundestag member of CDU/CSU parliamentary group Stephan Mayer made a statement.

“Initially it is to emphasize, that after repeated eruptions of violence between Armenia and Azerbaijan in the course of the Soviet Unions’ dissolution, which caused the flows of refugees of both nationalities, the conflict over Nagorno-Karabakh led to bloody battles between Azerbaijani and Armenian forces with tens of thousands of dead people. Azerbaijani regions, bordering the former Nagorno-Karabakh Autonomous Oblast got under control of Armenian forces as well. Approximately 25,000 people died in this war, about one million were expelled and had to flee. In the course of this war, the Armenian forces not only occupied Nagorno-Karabakh itself, representing about 5 percent of the Azerbaijani territory but also the seven adjacent Azerbaijani regions. In 1993, the military occupation of parts of Azerbaijani territory was condemned by the United Nations Security Council. This demand is valid until today and is supported by the Federal Republic of Germany,” Mayer said.

“The world community regards Nagorno-Karabakh as an integral part of the Republic of Azerbaijan by international law. It is both Germany’s and the European Union’s (EU) position, that an enduring solution of the conflict over Nagorno-Karabakh can solely be achieved peacefully. Neither Germany nor the EU acknowledged the parliamentary election in Nagorno-Karabakh in 2010. Already since the eruption of war in 1992, the so-called Minsk Group within the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE) exerts itself for peace. The occupation of Nagorno-Karabakh breaches the commitments by international law. According to Article 2, Number 3 and 4 of United Nations (UN) Charta all members are committed to settle their international disputes by peaceful means in such a manner that international peace and security, and justice, are not endangered. All members of the UN shall refrain in their international relations from the threat or use of force against the territorial integrity or political independence of any State, or in any other manner inconsistent with the purposes of the United Nations. Should the Azerbaijani State territory be restored, the refugees would also have the possibility to return to their homeland.”

“In 2012 the foreign affairs working group of CDU/CSU parliamentary group in the German Bundestag used the 20th anniversary of conflict as an opportunity to reconsider the previous forms of conflict resolution and initiate the process of conflict settlement. A peaceful conflict settlement and a normalization of relations would immediately cause economic and social pulses in the entire region. In this context the members of the Foreign Affairs working group of the CDU/CSU parliamentary group in the German Bundestag together with the OSCE, the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) and the UN called - among other things - to pay more attention to the conflict over Nagorno-Karabakh again. In all negotiations and bilateral meetings with the conflicting parties, the necessity of political compromises for the purpose of a peaceful settlement - security guarantees for the population living near the line of contact and the confidence building - has to be emphasized,” he added.

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